Dr. Mekala Bharathi Jayaram – Helping Nigerians who are unable to secure even the barest of medical care

Nigeria is Africa’s most populous country and the 9th most populous country in the world. With an estimated population of 170 million, one in every five Africans is a Nigerian. The country has been undergoing explosive population growth and has one of the highest growth and fertility rates in the world. By UN estimation, Nigeria will be one of the countries responsible for most of the world’s total population increase by 2050.

尼日利亞是非洲人口最稠密的國家,也是世界第九大人口稠密國家。人口總數大約1.7億的尼日利亞,占非洲人口的五分之一。這個國家近年來人口呈爆炸式增長,為世界上人口生育率和增長率最高的國家之一。據聯合國估算,到2050年尼日利亞將成為世界總人口增加的主要參數。

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Health, health care and general living conditions in Nigeria are poor, especially for children and women. Infant and under-five mortality rates are high. The weak public health care system with low coverage of key interventions has resulted in the persistence of high disease burden.

尼日利亞的健康,醫療和總體生活水平很差,尤其是婦女和兒童。嬰兒和五歲以下兒童死亡率很高。薄弱的公共醫療系統,以及重點干預的不到位造成了高疾病負擔的情況。

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Dr. Mekala Bharathi Jayaram has been helping the poor of Nigeria for over 30 years. She treats all her patients free of charge, so that people are able to receive the care they need and deserve. From basic food to medication, Dr. Jayaram makes sure that all their needs have been taken care of.

馬卡拉·巴拉哈·扎雅木博士30年如一日的幫助尼日利亞的窮人。她給所有病人免費看病,這樣他們就有了醫療保障。從食物到藥品,扎雅木博士要確保他們所有的需求都照顧到。

Her spirit of universal love has driven her to help the community far beyond the boundaries of a hospital. Dr. Jayaram visits public schools and provides free medical checkups to children periodically, and to serve the most vulnerable of society. She also organizes medical camps with the assistance of spiritual groups to further her medical care program to the people in need. Some of these camps are Eye Camps, where she helps visiting doctors to treat patients in need of cataract operations.

她的博愛精神不僅限於醫院方面,她還會定期訪問公立學校,為兒童提供免費醫療檢查,為社會最弱勢群體服務。她還會在慈善團體的幫助下組織醫療營地,以開拓她的醫療救助計劃,幫助更多需要幫助的人。這些營地中有的是眼科治療營,在那裡她幫助來訪醫生為病人進行白內障手術。

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Furthermore, she has also organized a program which feeds 2,500 people once a month at various homes for the destitute. All of the food is even prepared at the home of the doctor to ensure the most hygienic of conditions are maintained.

除此之外,她還發起了一個供2,500人吃飯的活動,這個每月一次的活動針對窮困人口。所有的食物都在醫生家中準備,以確保食物的衛生條件。

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However, HIV remains a major issue among children, young people and women in Nigeria with a prevalence rate of 4.4%. Around 2.9 million Nigerians (mostly females) are living with the virus. The epidemic is also increasing the population of orphans in the country, which is already estimated at 7 million. The extremely needy and vulnerable sections of society either due to financial constraints, lack of information and/ or non-availability of such services are unable to secure the barest of medical care. It pains Dr. Jayaram to see that a vast majority of the population does not have access to even the most basic of medical facilities and treatment.

然而,艾滋病仍然在尼日利亞的孩子,年輕人和婦女當中形勢嚴峻,感染率達到4.4%。大約290萬尼日利亞人(大部分是女性)攜帶HIV病毒。這種傳染病也在增加本國的孤兒人數,尼日利亞已經有約700萬名孤兒。這些社會的最弱勢最需要幫助的群體,要不因為財政約束信息匱乏,要不因為缺少服務設施,使他們不能保證最基礎的醫療條件。這使扎雅木博士很痛心,因為本國大部分人口缺少最基本的醫療設施和醫治條件。

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Hence, Dr. Jayaram does not stop here. She has now started a Mobile Medicare Project with the US$50,000 of THE ONE Award money she received after reaching THE ONE 2015 as a finalist. She thinks that quality health care is a fundamental right of all Nigerian citizens. 67% of mortality in Nigeria is due to communicable and maternal condition. While primary health care centers are relatively uniformly distributed throughout local government areas in Nigeria, the rural people tend to underuse the basic health services. Therefore, mobilization is the key to heighten the use of public medical service amongst the grassroots families of Nigeria.

所以扎雅木博士沒有就此停止。在入圍2015年度THE ONE無名英雄獎之後,她利用THE ONE的五萬美元獎金開啟了一個移動醫療項目。她認為高質量的醫療服務應該是所有尼日利亞公民的基本權利,尼日利亞67%的死亡率都源於傳染病和惡劣的婦產條件。由於基礎醫療中心一律沿著尼日利亞當地政府地區分佈,山村地區的公民就沒有充分利用到。因此,移動服務是解決尼日利亞草根階層公共醫療服務問題的關鍵。

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The mobile clinic conducts general diagnosis and prescribes suitable treatments to the patients. It also conducts blood donation camps, Mother & Childcare Camps, Eye Camps, Bone Density Checkup Camps, Dental Camps, Diabetes Checkup, etc. She also aims at providing pathological tests whenever possible so that she can direct advanced cases to the government hospitals. She also provides nutrition, hygiene and safe drinking water guidance, thus promoting a healthy lifestyle.

移動診所可以進行綜合診斷然後開處方給病人。它還可用作捐血治療營,母嬰治療營,眼科治療營,骨質密度檢查營,牙科治療營,糖尿病檢查等等。她也在條件允許的時候進行病理測試,為政府醫院指導先進案例。她還提供營養,衛生,和安全飲用水指導,以宣傳健康的生活方式。

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A vast number of diseases can be nipped in the bud by providing timely treatment, thus avoiding complicated treatment, which is often more expensive at a later stage. Dr. Jayaram believes that Mobile Medicare Project (Mobile Clinic) is more viable and effective when applied to the Nigeria situation.

大量的疾病如果接受及時治療就可以防患於未然,這樣可以避免病情加重之後昂貴而複雜的治療。扎雅木博士認為移動醫療項目(移動診所)更適合尼日利亞的情況,也更有效。

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Dr. Mekala Bharathi Jayaram reached THE ONE 2015 as one of the finalists. Her work is admirable and noble. Click on the photos below to find out more about other finalists from THE ONE 2015.

馬卡拉·巴拉哈·扎雅木博士成為2015年THE ONE 無名英雄獎的入圍者之一。她的工作是神聖而值得尊敬的。點擊下面圖片,查看更多2015 THE ONE入圍者:

Icon - Chung To  icon - Dr. Bultuush  icon - Sindhutai

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